As an important tool in the logistics industry, proper maintenance is key to keeping forklifts running smoothly and lasting longer. Statistics show that well-maintained forklifts can have their lifespan extended by around 20% to 30% and save maintenance costs by 10% to 15%. In this article, we’ll focus on maintenance tips for both fuel-powered and electric forklifts, helping you become a forklift maintenance pro.
Maintenance Tips for Electric Forklifts:
- Keep the charger clean:
Wipe the charger with a dry or anti-static cloth, avoiding chemical cleaners that could damage the casing. Avoid strong impacts and keep it away from high humidity, high temperatures, or flammable materials.Dust off regularly: Clean the inside of the electric forklift to prevent dust buildup, making sure the charger stays dust-free and protected from moisture.
- Charger placement:
Position the charger at least 15cm away from the wall for proper heat dissipation.
- Proper storage:
Don’t dismantle or disassemble the charger arbitrarily. Store it vertically in a well-ventilated, dry area, away from damp environments.
- Handling fully charged batteries:
Disconnect the AC power supply first, then the connection between the charger and the battery when the battery is fully charged. If the electric forklift will be idle for a long time, disconnect the AC power supply, use a cover, and store it in a ventilated area for dehumidification.
- Charging precautions:
Don’t cover the charger, ensure proper heat dissipation, and keep the ambient temperature below 40 degrees.
Maintenance Tips for Fuel-Powered Forklifts:
- Check engine oil and coolant:
Weekly, check the oil level in the engine and air filter, keeping it between the minimum and maximum marks. Also, inspect the coolant level in the radiator, following the recommendations for your forklift model and manufacturer.
- Battery electrolyte check:
Monthly, check the electrolyte level in the forklift battery, ensuring it’s above the recommended mark. Keep the battery vent caps open and securely connected.
- Air filter maintenance:
Clean or replace the air filter every two weeks, ensuring the engine receives enough fresh air for proper combustion.
- Inspect spark plugs and ignition system:
Every 300 hours, check and replace worn-out spark plugs for good ignition. Also, inspect and clean ignition system components like coils, wires, and distributors, ensuring proper connections and stable ignition.
By following these maintenance tips, you can ensure your forklift’s reliability, performance, and lifespan. Regular inspections, maintenance, and repairs will reduce unexpected issues and costs, improving efficiency and safety.